The Effect of Facebook In-group Interactions on the Speaking Skill of the Introvert and Extrovert Iranian EFL Learners

Dr. SedighehVahdat & Fatemeh Salami

Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz

 

Regarding the impressive innovation in social relations due to formation of online social networks, on top of them, Facebook (FB), applied linguistic scholars along with other fields of study; attempt to discover ways to benefit from it. The present study explored the possible relationship between online FB in-group interaction and speaking skill of Iranian extravert and introvert intermediate EFL learners of Shahid Chamran University of Ahvaz and Jahad Daneshgahi of Ahvaz. First, participants’ personality style was identified by Eysenck personality inventory. Then an interview with IELTS format as a pretest of speaking was conducted. In the second phase of the study, participants joined in a FB group and interacted for two months, after that another interview was conducted as posttest. To inspect any significant difference in participants’ performance in terms of language production and grammar accuracy, two-related sample Sign test applied. The p-value for introverts and extravert was 0.109 and 0.008 respectively, which implied the inefficiency of treatment for introvert learners. Although the results of the study suggest an increase in learners’ meaningful interactions in target language contributing to incidental learning, but planning it as a part of an educational project leads to more comprehensive study and findings.

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The Second National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 4-5 February 2016 , Iran-Ahwaz.

Mnemonic and Mapping Techniques Affecting L2 Vocabulary Learning

Dr. Abbas Ali Zarei

Imam Khomeini International University

 

The present study investigated the effects of selected presentation techniques including the keyword method, the peg word method, the loci method, argument mapping, concept mapping and mind mapping on L2 vocabulary comprehension and production. To this end, a sample of 151 Iranian female students from a public pre-university school in ChaharDange, Islam Shahr was selected. They were assigned to six groups. Each group was randomly assigned to one of the afore-mentioned treatment conditions. After the experimental period, two post-tests in multiple choice and fill-in-the-blanks formats were administered to assess the participants’ vocabulary comprehension and production. Two independent One-Way ANOVA procedures were used to analyze the obtained data. The results showed that the differences among the effects of the above-mentioned techniques were statistically significant in both vocabulary comprehension and production. These findings can have implications for learners, teachers, and materials’ developers.

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The Second National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 4-5 February 2016 , Iran-Ahwaz.

A Transitivity Analysis of Speech Act of Condolence: An SFL Perspective

Dr. Laya Heidari Darani

 Falavarjan Branch, Islamic Azad University

 

Condolence is part of Austin’s expressive speech act and is related to Searle’s behabitives illocutionary act. Although it is regarded as a theoretically sound issue in pragmatics, condolence speech act has not been investigated as much as other speech acts in discourse-related studies. Thus, drawing on Halliday’s transitivity framework rooted in Systemic Functional Linguistics, this paper aims at exploring the realization of condolence through the process types (material, mental, verbal, existential, relational, and behavioral) which are part of the ideational function. To this end, the verbal phrases of 150 English condolence messages sent through emails were analyzed. Chi-square analysis was run on the data and the results indicated that the mental process was the most frequent one followed by the existential, verbal, and relational processes. The main conclusion drawn is that to express condolence on someone' passing, affection, among other feelings, comes first to be expressed through mental processes. The person's loss, expression of grief due to his loss, and the type of relations the figure had with others are declared after the expression of affection. Moreover, material and behavioral processes play no role in expression of condolence.

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The Second National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 4-5 February 2016 , Iran-Ahwaz.

Dynamic Assessment of Collocational Knowledge: The Case of Iranian High School EFL Learners

Dr. Sedigheh Vahdat, Hajar Yazdanbakhsh & Dr. Kiumars Razavipour

Shahid Chamran University

 

Dynamic assessment (DA), rooted in sociocultural theory (SCT), holds the promise to remedy the pitfalls inherent in traditional static assessment procedures. Whereas previous research has demonstrated the superiority of DA to static assessments in select areas of grammar and vocabulary, similar studies are missing on how DA might have a bearing on collocation learning.  To examine the potential of DA in fostering collocational competence of L2 learners, the present study aimed at investigating the differential outcomes that might be obtained if DA is applied. To this aim, two intact high school classes consisting of 39 third graders, age range 16 to 17, participated in the study. The two classes were randomly assigned to DA and static assessment groups. After giving a pretest, piloted and validated on a similar sample of students, to gauge participants’ current level of collocational knowledge, the experimental group received instruction based on Lantolf and Aljaafreh (1994) framework for 8 sessions. The control group received the same instructional content using non-DA procedures. As a post-test, both groups took an equivalent form of the pretest by the end of the instructional time. T-tests results pointed to the higher efficiency of DA in improving EFL learners’ collocational knowledge, compared to that of static assessment. The findings of the study can have useful implications for EFL learners, teachers and test designers. The implications the findings hold for both research and pedagogy are further discussed.

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The Second National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 4-5 February 2016 , Iran-Ahwaz.

Shakespeare as a Politician; Political Utopia and Dystopia of Shakespeare’s Perspective

Dr. Bahman Amani, Dr. Seyedeh Zahra Nozen & Majid Zarei

University of Malayer, Amin Police Science University & University of Malayer

 

Was William Shakespeare a politician? Was the Bard politically affiliated to the court? Was he appointed to any political position? If not, then, why did William Shakespeare compose political works? This study aims to look at Shakespeare’s works from a political point of view. In fact, Shakespeare acted as an outsider in political affairs and apparently have not taken side with or against any political faction of the then England. This study will also provide a political background concerning the ideas of Shakespeare about politics and politicians which are well fancied in his political works. He did not seem to be willing to challenge the politicians of his era directly. Hence, it may be conjured that Shakespeare preferred to act like Plato who without having a hand in politics cleverly infused his principles to the court as opposed to Socrates who involved himself in the politics as an insider and suffered despair and misery in turn. Depiction of political utopia and dystopia is one of Shakespeare’s main concerns. Thereupon, there could be a classification of his works into two political categories: comedies as utopias and tragedies as dystopias. In conclusion, this paper aims at contributing to the debate over politicality of the Shakespearean comedies and tragedies.

The above abstract is part  of the article which was accepted at The Second National Conference on English Studies and Linguistics (WWW.ELTL.IR) , 4-5 February 2016 , Iran-Ahwaz.

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